Spain has 44 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the landscape of Monte Perdido in the Pyrenees, which is shared with France, the Prehistoric Rock Art Sites of the Côa Valley and Siega Verde, which is shared with Portugal.
By Xelexi Travel
The Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Spain also have two large archipelagos, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands off the North African Atlantic coast.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, and the second largest country in Western Europe.
Culturally, Spain is a Western country. Almost every aspect of Spanish life is permeated by its Roman heritage, making Spain one of the major Latin countries of Europe. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Bilbao and Málaga.
Spanish culture is marked by strong historic ties to Catholicism, which played a pivotal role in the country’s formation and subsequent identity. Spanish art, architecture, cuisine, and music has been shaped by successive waves of foreign invaders, as well as by the country’s Mediterranean climate and geography.
Spain has 44 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the landscape of Monte Perdido in the Pyrenees, which is shared with France, the Prehistoric Rock Art Sites of the Côa Valley and Siega Verde, which is shared with Portugal, and the Heritage of Mercury, shared with Slovenia.
Some of the major tourist attractions in Spain are historical cities and towns of the country like Barcelona and Madrid, and the world-class resorts at the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts of the country. There are also 15 national parks, and popular festivals like the Carnival and the Running of the Bulls.
Over a thousand years ago, Europe experienced one of its greatest periods of cultural enlightenment. Almost 1000 years of Islamic presence in Spain, Muslims, Jews and Christians lived together and prospered in a thriving multicultural civilization.
Córdoba, the capital of the caliphate since Abd-ar-Rahman III, was the largest, richest and most sophisticated city in western Europe. Mediterranean trade and cultural exchange flourished. The Romanised cultures of the Iberian Peninsula interacted with Muslim and Jewish cultures in complex ways, giving the region a distinctive culture. (source: libro)
The climate of Spain varies across the country. Three main climatic zones can be distinguished, according to geographical situation and orographic conditions:
- The Mediterranean climate is characterized by dry and warm/hot summers and cool to mild and wet winters. This type of climate is dominant on the Iberian Peninsula
- The oceanic climate (Cfb) is located in the northern part of the country. This region has regular snowfall in the winter months.
- The semiarid climate (Bsh, Bsk) is predominant in the south eastern part of the country and in the middle part.
Details about climatic zone in Spain can be found in this link.