China, officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia. The People’s Republic of China is the fourth-largest country in the world by land area after Russia, Canada, and the United States.
Beijing is the capital city, and Shanghai is the city with the most people living in it. Along with the cities of Tianjin and Chongqing, these four cities are directly controlled by the national government.
Two other cities are given the status of “special administrative region”. They are Hong Kong, which was once a colony of the United Kingdom and given back to China in 1997; and Macau, which Portugal gave back in 1999.
China has many places worth visiting, ranging from ancient ruins and modern skylines to breathtaking karst mountains. The land of the Great Wall of China, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum, the Tiananmen Square, the Shaolin Temple, the Li River, the Forbidden City, the Three Gorges, and other important sites, China is indeed one of the most coveted tourist destination in the world.
China’s landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central Asia.
China has two major rivers, the Yellow River and the Yangtze River. The world’s highest point, Mt. Everest (8848m), is on the border between China and Nepal.
China is the origin of Eastern martial arts, called Kung Fu or its first name Wushu. China has many traditional festivals, such as Spring Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-autumn Festival and so on. The most significant is Chinese New Year. People in China will have holidays to celebrate these festivals.
China’s climate is mainly dominated by dry seasons and wet monsoons, which lead to pronounced temperature differences between winter and summer. In the winter, northern winds coming from high-latitude areas are cold and dry; in summer, southern winds from coastal areas at lower latitudes are warm and moist. The climate in China differs from region to region because of the country’s highly complex topography.