Popular Destination: Germany

More than 30% of Germans spend their holiday in their own country. Cultural tourism is the most popular attractions with Berlin, Munich, and Hamburg being the most visited cities.

By Xelexi Travel

Neckar River, near Heidelberg
Neckar River, near Heidelberg

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. In the 21st century, Germany is a great power and has the world’s fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP.

Germany’s capital and largest metropolis is Berlin. Other major cities include Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Düsseldorf.

Cultural tourism is most popular in the country with Berlin, Munich, and Hamburg being the most visited cities. Visitations to the country for educational and business purposes is also quite common. Several protected areas within Germany, such as the Saxon Switzerland National Park, the Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park, and the Jasmund National Park, also attract millions of tourists every year.

Germany’s most-visited landmarks include e.g. Neuschwanstein Castle, Cologne Cathedral, Berlin Bundestag, Hofbräuhaus Munich, Heidelberg Castle, Dresden Zwinger, Fernsehturm Berlin and Aachen Cathedral. The Europa-Park near Freiburg is Europe’s second most popular theme park resort.

More than 30% of Germans spend their holiday in their own country, with the biggest share going to Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Germany is well known for its diverse tourist routes, such as the Romantic Road, the Wine Route, the Castle Road, and the Avenue Road. The German Timber-Frame Road (Deutsche Fachwerkstraße) connects towns with examples of these structures.

Most of Germany has a temperate seasonal climate dominated by humid westerly winds. The country is situated in between the oceanic Western European and the continental Eastern European climate. The climate is moderated by the North Atlantic Drift, the northern extension of the Gulf Stream. This warmer water affects the areas bordering the North Sea; consequently in the northwest and the north the climate is oceanic. Winters are cool and summers tend to be warm: temperatures can exceed 30 °C (86 °F).

The east has a more continental climate: winters can be very cold and summers very warm, and longer dry periods can occur. Central and southern Germany are transition regions which vary from moderately oceanic to continental. In addition to the maritime and continental climates that predominate over most of the country, the Alpine regions in the extreme south and, to a lesser degree, some areas of the Central German Uplands have a mountain climate, with lower temperatures and more precipitation.



Berlin, DE
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Germany Airport Code

Frankfurt (FRA)
Hamburg (HAM)
Munich (MUC)
Berlin Tegel (TXL)
Berlin Schoenefeld (SXF)
Cologne (CGN)
Dusseldorf (DUS)