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Wonderful Indonesia – The Largest Archipelago on Planet Earth

This tropical country in South East Asia is one of the most stunning destinations on our planet. With over 17,000 counted islands, Indonesia is also by far the largest and most varied archipelago on Earth.

By Xelexi Travel

Lake Toba, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Indonesia spans almost 2 million square kilometers between Asia and Australia. Indonesia is located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania, and shares land borders with 3 countries: Malaysia, Timor-Leste and Papua New Guinea.

Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have Special Administrative status. Its capital and country’s most populous city is Jakarta, which is also the most populous city in Southeast Asia.

Surabaya in East Java is the 2nd most populous city in Indonesia, followed by Bandung in West Java, Medan in North Sumatera, Bekasi in West Java, and Semarang in Central Java.

Bromo, Batok and Semeru

Positioned on the Equator, across a region of immense volcanic activity, Indonesia has some 400 volcanoes within its borders, with at least 90 still active in some way, including Krakatoa and Tambora, both famous for their devastating eruptions in the 19th century.

Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java. At 2,329 metres (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions.

Tourism in Indonesia

Both nature and culture are major components of Indonesian tourism, and Bali is still the most popular tourist destination in the country since 1980s. Bali is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music.

The main tourist locations in Bali are Kuta (with its beach), and its outer suburbs of Legian and Seminyak, the east coast town of Sanur, Ubud towards the center of the island, to the south of the Ngurah Rai International Airport, Jimbaran, and the newer developments of Nusa Dua and Pecatu.

The other popular destinations are Yogyakarta and Solo or Surakarta for their cultural attractions, Bandung for its fashion, and Bogor for its culinary.

There are several beaches in Indonesia that are categorized as the most beautiful beaches in the world, such as Senggigi Beach in Lombok, Kuta Beach in Bali, Bunaken Beach in Manado, and many other beautiful beaches.

Raja Ampat, Papua Barat, Indonesia (Photo by

Indonesia has many National Parks. One of them is Komodo National Park which is the only habitat of Komodo dragon in the world, a large species of lizard. There is also a favorite location of international climbers, Carstensz Pyramid, where the mountain is covered with eternal snow.

One tourist attraction that is on the rise today is Raja Ampat. Raja Ampat is a group of islands on the western tip of Papua, Indonesia, famous for its diving experience. Most of the world’s coral reefs biodiversity and rare species of marine life can easily be found in an archipelago about the size of Switzerland.

Things To Do and Attractions in Indonesia

To find things to do and tourist attractions in Indonesia, please follow the links below:

Things To Do in Indonesia Places of Interest in Indonesia

Hotels in Indonesia

For accommodation, there are many hotels or resorts available in Indonesia, from budget hotel to luxurious one. To find one that suits your budget, you may follow these links:

Find The Best Hotel Deals in Indonesia Book Hotels / Resorts in Indonesia

Climate in Indonesia

Lying along the equator, Indonesia’s climate tends to be relatively even year-round. Indonesia has two seasons—a wet season and a dry season—with no extremes of summer or winter. For most of Indonesia, the dry season falls between April and October with the wet season between November and March.

The almost uniformly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia’s area ensure that temperatures on land remain fairly constant. The coastal plains averaging 28 °C (82.4 °F), the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C (78.8 °F), and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C (73.4 °F). The area’s relative humidity ranges between 70 and 90%.

Winds are moderate and generally predictable, with monsoons usually blowing in from the south and east in June through October and from the northwest in November through March.

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