The Grand Mosque of Baiturrahman, located in the city of Banda Aceh, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam province of Indonesia, is one of the historic buildings that still survive to this day. The mosque was built by Sultan Iskandar Muda Mahkota Alam in 1022 H or 1612 AD during the Sultanate of Aceh.
At the time of the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam, besides the Grand Mosque in the holy city of Makkah, Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is also one of the learning centers of Islam by people from all over the world.
This mosque was burned by the Dutch in 1873, causing resistance from the people of Aceh. But then this mosque was rebuilt in 1879 – 1881 by order of General Van Der Heijden as an apology as well as to reduce the anger of the people of Aceh. The mosque was also expanded and renovated several times in 1936, 1958 – 1965, 1992, and 2008 after Aceh was hit by the tsunami in 2004. Currently, Baiturrahman Grand Mosque has 7 domes, 4 towers, and 1 master tower, and can accommodate 9,000 worshipers.
As a historic place of high artistic value, the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque has become a religious object because it is one of the most beautiful mosques in Indonesia with stunning architecture, interesting carvings, and a spacious courtyard with a Turkish-Ottoman style water fountain. Architecturally, the building of Baiturrahman Grand Mosque embraces Moghul style (India).