Taxila, Ancient Buddhist Civilization, was founded around 1000 BCE. Located in Taxila Tehsil in Rawalpindi District, it lies about 25 kilometers (16 miles) northwest of the Islamabad–Rawalpindi metropolitan area and just south of Haripur District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, followed successively by the Maurya Empire, the Indo-Greek Kingdom, the Indo-Scythians, and the Kushan Empire. Taxila had one of the earliest universities in world and it was city of knowledge globally.
Due to its strategic location, Taxila has changed hands many times over the centuries, with many empires vying for its control. But when the ancient great trade routes connecting these areas ceased to be important, the city became inconsequential and was finally destroyed in the 5th century by the Hunas invasion.
In mid-19th century British India, the ruins of ancient Taxila were rediscovered by British archaeologist Alexander Cunningham. In 1980, UNESCO designated Taxila as a World Heritage Site.
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