Bibi Khanum Mosque (Photo by Bobyrr [CC BY-SA 4.0 (])

Bibi Xanom or Bibi-Khanym Mosque in Samarkand Uzbekistan was one of the most ambitious architectural projects of the Timurid period and influenced the architecture of Central Asia as well as of Iran and Afghanistan in its time. Built between 1399 and 1404, shortly before Timur’s death, the enormous Bibi-Khanym Mosque was once the largest and most magnificent mosque in the Islamic world.

After years of decay, in which part of the building collapsed during an earthquake in 1897, the Bibi-Khanym Mosque began to be rebuilt in the 1970s. While portions of the mosque have been completely restored, other parts remain in need of further restoration. This semi-ruined state takes nothing away from its architectural majesty.

Stone Quran Stand, Bibi Khanym Mosque (Photo by Leon petrosyan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (] – Photo enhance by
A giant parade portal leads into the courtyard with the main mosque straight ahead and two smaller mosques to either side. A huge Quran stand made from marble blocks sits at the center of the courtyard.

Tours and Trips to Bibi-Khanym Mosque, Samarkand, Uzbekistan

Explore Samarkand, the famous capital of the 14th-century Timurid Empire. Roam the streets in search of its famous historical sites. Visit Bibi-Khanym Mosque, one of the most country’s popular sites, Shah-i-Zinda, Gur-Emir Mausoleum, Registan Square in the heart of Samarkand, also the Ulugbek Observatory, and much more.

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