Pharaoh Statue, Memphis, Egypt (Image by DEZALB on Pixabay - Enhanced by Xelexi.com)

The city of Memphis was the capital of ancient Egypt. It was the residence of the King and the political and administrative center until around 2,200 BC. According to legend related by Manetho, the city was founded by the pharaoh Menes.

Manetho is believed to have been an Egyptian priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolemaic Kingdom in the early third century BC and authored the Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt), a major chronological source for the reigns of the ancient pharaohs.

Memphis had impressive fortifications and temples, mostly for Ptah, the god of creation and artwork. With population estimates varying from 6,000 to 30,000, making this city was one of the major cities of its time.

Archaeological excavations in the area have found Ptah Temples and statues, including the Sphinx (smaller than those in Giza but still impressive), and the Colossus of Ramses II. These ares now placed in the Memphis Museum in Mit Rihina, a modern city in this area. In 1979, UNESCO designated the area as a World Heritage Site.

Giza Pyramids, Egypt (Image by rperucho on Pixabay)

Tours and Trips to Memphis

Enjoy and discover Memphis and other important Egyptian archeological treasures, including Sakkara, Sphinx, and Giza Pyramids. Admire the remains in the open-air museum, including the giant fallen statue of Ramses II.

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